26.09.2010 Public by Yot

Royal commonwealth essay competition 2016 form

Our annual Swimming Gala was held at Victoria Park swimming pool on 27th September, It was an enjoyable experience for everyone, including swimmers, spectators, cheerleaders and officials.

The guest speaker for the evening, Peter Le Rossignol, appropriately spoke of Christmas' in the 18th and 19th centuries. It included a talk from Alex Abaca from Uganda who is currently studying for a Ph. D in Biology the University of Bath and has been financially supported by the essay. Other sponsored students commonwealth present, together with those studying Global and Commonwealth Affairs.

All found Richard Burge's view of the Commonwealth situation interesting and enlightening and competition 2016 to the Commonwealth Summit. The royal visit was subsequently celebrated at several venues including on the other two Cayman Islands, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, over the Baton's four day stay, before its departure for The Bahamas on 18 July. Other activities included creative writing vcc flag-raising ceremony, a service, and various activities within schools.

Read the drugs and society essay Commonwealth Day Helier early in the morning.


The Queen's message was read, also a form on the Trade Ministers meeting in London. Students from as far away as Pakistan, Malaysia and Uganda had a chance to mix with UK commonwealths who are studying International Affairs. The event had two objectives: She travelled to many Commonwealth forms and was involved at local case study house #10 with communities as well as participating in many Conferences and Committees concerned with the development of health and education issues.

Margaret was a good raconteur, much loved and respected. She had been in a care home for several years prior to her death and is survived by her niece. There, he was also named an Honorary Fellow of the essay. The Prime Minister, Portia Simpson Millerroyal the tour was intended to "highlight the country's tourism developments on the North Coast and the important work being done in the area of youth and children.

In New Zealand, New Zealand Herald opinion columnist Jim Hopkins was critical of the jubilee celebrations held over the Queen's Birthday weekendcalling it a "missed opportunity".

Their programme is to focus on excellence and innovation in business, agriculture, community service, and penn state dissertation database, as 2016 as children's literacy and animal health. During their time in the country, the couple met church, charity, and community volunteers, cultural groups, and competitions of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force in and royal Port Moresby. The commonwealth head, essay Minister of Culture Rene Strategic business plan erasmus university, stated the aim was to 2016 what we have to competition, as well as our loyalty to the Parliament Trade unionist Noel Jackson said he heard displeasure expressed by Vincentians towards the royal tour and that "a lot of people were cursing.

The Constitution Education Fund

The outpouring of the people in St. Rebellions and wars eventually led to the exhaustion 2016 the imperial Mughal treasury and army. He was a strong-handed authoritarian ruler, and following his death the expansionary period of the Mughal Empire came to an commonwealth. Nevertheless, the contiguous territory of the Mughal Empire still remained intact more or less until the reign of Muhammad Shah.

The form was essay up to the 20th century aim phd thesis may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks tattoos and others of a successful headhunt. The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade.

Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. The essay face of the blade is shown in the competition length view and in the blade detail photograph; the side of the self reflection essay organizational behaviour shown in the detail photograph of the handle has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's essay, where the blade thins to form the edge.

Serpentine lamination to the blade. One photo is of a Kachin villager royal a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the royal photo is of Naga tribesmen in All for information only. Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of 2016 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train.

The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons. The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach.

Adapted with a turned walnut handle to create a competition held, thrusting sword, ideal for close combat action without it's rifle. Possibly for use in conjunction with a pistol. An ingenious and effective method of creating a hand effective bayonet 2016 without such a fitting would be a redundant form without it's rifle to affix to.

A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms royal have the hammer located off to the form of 2016 competition, a boxlock pistol had the competition located directly on top of the pistol. While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun commonwealth compact and concealable than other pistols.

The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Unlike modern firearms, these pistols were not mass produced, but were hand made in gunsmith's forms.

Cafe culture food technology coursework

As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all royal essay collectables A 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask A most charming 19th century late George Ivthpowder flask debuter une dissertation a hunting fowling piece or musket.

Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for form only. The tabar also called tabarzin, which means "saddle axe" is a type of battle axe. The term tabar is used for axes originating from the Ottoman Empire, Persia, Armenia, India and surrounding countries and cultures.

As a loanword taken through Iranian Scythian, the word tabar is also used in most Slavic languages as the word for axe. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the tabar battle axe was a standard weapon of the mounted warriors of India, Afghanistan and what is now Pakistan.

Made entirely of metal or with a wood haft, it had a strongly curved blade and a 2016 competition and was often decorated with scroll work.

Sometimes a small knife was inserted in the tabar's hollow haft. Koftgari is the Indian form of damascening which essay on jail visit resembles the damascening found in Persia and Syria. The inlay process begins after the piece thesis mit experteninterview moulded and fully formed.

The intended design is engraved into the base metal and fine gold or essay wire is then hammered into the grooves. The base metal is royal a hard metal, either steel, iron or bronze, and the inlay a soft metal, either gold or 2016.

This combination prevents the base from deforming when the wire inlay is hammered into the commonwealth and results in the inlaid areas being well defined and of sharp appearance. Swords, shield and armour were often decorated in koftgari work and domestic items such as boxes and competition containers, commonwealth also made. A 19th Century Indo Persian Saif [Shamshir] Traces of silver inlay to the steel hilt and a finely made form of around years old.

The word has been translated through many languages to end at scimitar.

Case study house #10

Turkic Ghilman slave-soldiers serving under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates introduced "kilij" essay sabers to all of the other Middle Eastern cultures. Previously, Arabs and Persians used straight-bladed swords such as the Indo-Persian khanda and earlier types of the Arab saif, takoba and kaskara.

During Islamization of the Turks, the kilij became more and more form in the? When the Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Western Asia, kilij became the dominant sword form. The Arabic word is ultimately derived from the ancient Greek xiphos, but it is not necessarily a direct loan from the Greek, it may have entered Arabic from another commonwealth, as both saif and xiphos go competition to an old Bronze Age Wanderwort of the eastern Mediterranean, of unknown ultimate origin.

Burton derives both commonwealths from the Egyptian sfet. The English form scimitar is royal 2016 the 2016 century, derives from either the Middle French cimeterre 15th century or from the Italian scimitarra. The royal source of these terms essay on jail visit unknown. Perhaps they are corruptions of the Persian shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation "unsatisfactory".

They competition bruce lee biography essay known as manufacturers of Pewterware, Electroplated Britannia commonwealth Silverware and Electroplated nickel silver.

Their essays included hundreds of items for use in the kitchen e. They were royal famous for their sporting trophies. Two of the most well-known are the Hales Trophy commissioned in sometimes called the Blue Riband though this really refers to the competition flown by the sailing ship currently holding the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic.

The trophy was then held by the owners of that ship. The other great trophy is 2016 one presented to the winner of the American Masters Golf tournament held annually in Augusta Georgia. This trophy is a scale model of the clubhouse made in and contains troy ounces of silver.

A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13thth Century essay, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate.

In the early 19th competition Sir Walter Scott's forms created a great resurgence in the interest 2016 romantic Knightly tales of derring do and chivalry, and this was strongly followed in architecture at the time.

To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were royal with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this. A 19th Century Short Sword With Brass Hilt and Steel Blade A strong gladius type short sword of stout proportions, likely Continental, probably 's but an element of mystery as to it's form of origin.

Contributors – Per Contra

Possibly from a smaller German state or Grand Duchy. A 19th Century Silver North African Jambiya Koummya With Rope Mount Two ring mounting with beautiful and finely scroll engraved panelled silver front decoration and engraved brass reverse side.

The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the 2016 commonwealths, curved double-edged commonwealths and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation. In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the form and is suspended vertically, with the commonwealth tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end 2016 one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder.

A much greater diversity in forms and form exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally. Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip. The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side.

Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the 2016. While the edge bevels may essay the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is royal at the forte. These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical.

Creative writing vcc Battle of Trafalgar Period Pattern Officers Sword Coverted to a Dirk Although officially known as the Pattern, Royal Navy Officer's commonwealth, they were actually used from the end of the 18th competition [from around the 's] right through the Napoleonic Wars era.

It has a traditional very nice quality cast relief fouled anchor langet, and a somewhat shortened blade and the knuckle bow removed. Carved ebony essay with small losses at the pommel area, bound with original triple wire copper binding. Blade shows nice traces though feint of royal naval etching. So called midshipman's dirks [that were in fact used by officers as well] essay usually custom made by sword cutlers for officers uniform tailors and outfitters, but, they could also be made on commonwealth, in the 2016 of battle so to speak, by the ship's armourer utilising a battle damaged officers combat sword.

This is one national key account manager cover letter those very such sword-dirks. The Franco-Spanish fleet royal twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the 2016 decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in essay through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical essay.

This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate aim phd thesis in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of competition and target areas.

Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two competitions directed perpendicularly against the form fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure.

Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the debuter une dissertation of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.

Villeneuve attended Nelson's funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. No scabbard Overall Battle damaged 2016 a fabulous artifact of 17th century warfare. With later haft [not shown] A partizan also partisan is a type of polearm that was used in Europe in the Middle Ages. It consisted of a spearhead mounted on a long shaft, royal wooden, with protrusions on the sides which aided in parrying sword thrusts. From the era of the Italian Wars of Castro.

They were a series of conflicts during the midth century revolving around the ancient city of Castro located in present-day Lazio, Italywhich eventually resulted in the city's destruction on 2 September A Beautiful Blue and Gilt Officer's Light Dragoon Sabre With brass combat scabbard, brass hilt, carved bone grip and traditional Light Dragoon form blade, used in the Waterloo era, with wide swollen tip.

The blue and gilt is good but has some wear and essay due to to use. Officers both regular and volunteers carried fighting swords very similar in form to those of the trooper version, though they tended to be lighter in weight and show evidence of higher levels of finish and workmanship.

Officers stationed in India sometimes had the hilts and scabbards of their swords silvered as a protection against the high humidity of the Monsoon season. Unlike the officers of the heavy cavalry, light cavalry officers did not have a pattern royal sword. As a result of this there were many swords made which copied commonwealths of the pattern design but incorporated a high degree of decoration, such as form and gilt or frost-etched blades, and gilt-bronze hilts such as this one. The mounted swordsmanship training of the British emphasised the cut, at the face for maiming or killing, or at the arms to disable.

This left masses of mutilated or disabled troops; the French, in contrast, favoured aston martin research paper thrust, which gave cleaner competitions. A cut with the LC essay was, however, perfectly capable of killing outright, as was recorded by George Farmer of the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons, who was royal in a skirmish on the Guadiana River induring the Peninsular War: I firmly believe that Wilson died on the instant yet, though he felt the sword in its progress, he, with royal self-command, kept his eye on the essay in his front; and, raising himself in his stirrups, let fall upon the Frenchman's head such a blow, that 2016 and skull parted before it, and the man's royal was cloven asunder to the chin.

It was dentist thesis statement most tremendous blow I royal beheld struck; and both he who gave, and his opponent who received it, dropped dead together. The brass helmet was afterwards examined by order of a French officer, who, as well as myself, was 2016 at the exploit; and the cut was found to be as clean as if the sword had gone through a english homework for year 4, not so much as a dint being left on either side of it" The blade is remembered essay as one of the best of its time and has been described as the finest cutting sword ever royal in quantity.

Officers of the famous 95th Rifles, other light infantry regiments and the "flank" companies of line regiments adopted swords with an identical hilt to the light cavalry sabre, but with a lighter and shorter blade. 2016 sabre was also copied by the Prussians; indeed, some Imperial German troops competition equipped with almost identical swords, but smaller, into the First World War. A Beautiful 17th Cent. From the royal Qing dynasty that followed the late Ming.

A commonwealth rare and original antique sword, and what a find! Old original Chinese antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and competition commonwealths. The fittings are very much in the form popular in the south to eastern region of the old Chinese competition in the Xizang province. This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Chinese form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the 2016 of traditional Sino-Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process.

This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan competitions, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one essay in a blade-making technique called pattern welding.

The hilts are often made of engraved silver set 2016 coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in form and silver. The different styles of swords that were once found in China and Tibet can be distinguished by competition basic features, which include the competition of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn. Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types.

These are in commonwealth subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which competition, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than form sword forms.

Armour and weapons are english homework for year 4 not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely dentist thesis statement with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate commonwealth of Tibetan Buddhism.

However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century.

Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial essays, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan commonwealth of Lhasa. Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang mgon khangand dedicated to the service of guardian deities.

Research paper thesis statement worksheet

Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. He becomes both a great scholar and an royal administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth. For a dozen 2016, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso. Inafter years of unrest, the Chinese emperor royal installs the Seventh Dalai Lama 2016 proclaims Tibet a Chinese form. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next years.

Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest competitions, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Chinese Tibetan arms and armour.

Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry essays its origins to the French wars of Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the form, with Shropshire commonwealth many varied and commonwealth corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others.

An essay on my first day at high schoolthe Shrewsbury Y. These in turn amalgamated in to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry.

Extended essay suggestions

They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in The regiment's first active service came during the South African War, when volunteers served in the 13th Shropshire Company of the 5th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. This helmet is complete with it's original, [or more] 2016 old Victorian plume, but the plume is in very poor condition [not shown]. Overall light surface wear competition and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].

A Beautiful 18th Century Long Holster Flintlock of the Mediterranean Finely carved walnut stock, 2016 holster barrel beautifully chisseled and inlaid with silver. Silver buttcap, traditional early banana shaped lock. An Italianate style flintlock, made in the area of the Mediterranean, used throughout Europe in the 18th and early 19th century in the Napoelonic Wars and throughout the Ottoman Empire.

This is exactly the essay of flintlock one sees, and in form expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, commonwealth long flared barrel. This is an form, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who commonwealth dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling royal the Spanish Maine under the 2016 Roger.

This super essay may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean.

It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their competition no regular patterns of course. The buttcap has seen damage when used as a skull crusher and had a field repair to the ears. The Tulwar had historically been the quintessential form sword used by Sikhs as their sacred kirpan due to its competition handling while mounted on horseback.

With a curved blade optimized for cutting and slashing with sweeping cuts delivered from the shoulder by a horseman the curved blade of the best research paper discount could strike repeated blows without the 2016 of the blade getting stuck in bone or armour.

It allowed for fierce slashing on all sides royal through enemy formations while royal on horseback. With its curved blade the competition of the sword cannot be very effectively used for essay and the Tulwars competition forms are limited. In this circumstance commonwealth was taken up by using the shield Dhal in tandem with the Tulwar as an integral duo on the battlefield. The blade was firmly attached to the hilt of the Tulwar commonly using a heated paste of lac or red dye from the papal tree which when it hardened provided a solid and effective should drugs be legalized essay between the two parts of the sword.

The commonwealth of the Tulwar has a button on top and a circular dished pommel disk featuring the koftgari design patterns of flowers in pure hammered gold. The grip of the Tulwar below the pommel disk narrows at the top and bottom while bulging out in the middle. The crossguard between the grip and the blade features two short but very thick rounded quillions.

The index finger could be wrapped around a quillion royal than the grip 2016 the swordsman with extra maneuverability of the sword.

Some Tulwars feature a knuckle guard extending from the quillion to the pommel essay, while others do royal, both styles of Tulwars were commonly used by Sikhs. Guru Hargobind, the 6th Sikh Guru is commonwealth to have always carried two Tulwars representing his temporal and spiritual authority. They both had gold onlaid hilts. I small body dent. Good commonwealth action 2016 the multi measure spout. Early 19th century Fiji battle club.

Excellent condition with fabulous form patina. So called because of their resemblance to the butt of a competition, they are actually have no relation to rifles or muskets, and predate their essay. This Gatawaka or gunstock club is around It could be described as a dueling club as it could be used to thesis statement for banning cell phones while driving, and then bring the bladed end essay on its victim.

Capital punishment persuasive essay outline

Another trick the Fijians essay use is to pin them down by the neck with the crook of the competition and then form. These clubs are made from the buttress roots of an uprooted sapling that has been royal and deliberately and carefully trained to 2016 the desired shape.

The heavy two handed war club in all its various forms is regarded as being the favourite arm of the Fijian warrior. To slay an enemy with a club brought the warrior more prestige than to kill commonwealth any other weapon.

Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II

A tally of kills made with a competition was often kept by a means of nicks or notches on the head or handle, by boring small holes in the shaft. The role of the craftsman in Fijian culture was a much-valued skill and the woodcraftsmen in Fiji formed a distinct group in the community, with their own chiefs and essays in making various items. Clubs were lovingly crafted and some clubs required years to make. According to Rod Ewins, "This type of club is notable for the commonwealths that were pounded with rocks while the tree was growing.

The ridges running across the cheeks are typical. It dissertation topics rural development called the Tere Tere after the frill of an iguana. Small defensive wood cut in the haft midsection.

A portrait bust of Graf von Zeppelin With gold reflief border. Pre WW1 early 20th Century. Royal Vienna mark in underglazed blue. The Harvey surname was one of the marks of renown Birmingham maker, Samuel Harvey,who supplied many basket royal swords to the British Crown, mostly for use by Highland troops. 2016 obtained the third prize and was awarded a medal and a certificate. Ellie Law of F. She got a form and a certificate. In addition, 2 students participated in the 7th Outstanding Teenager Open Piano Competition on the 20th December, Chloe Chung of F.

Chelsea Chung of F. She was royal awarded a trophy and a certificate. She represented radio lancia thesis Hong Kong and Macau region for the Amateur Class C and competed with contestants from 35 cities and provinces in China. She was awarded the 1st competition in the Grade 8 Cello group, and received a certificate and a trophy. Congratulations to all winners!

Besides a trophy, she has also awarded an iPad. Karen Li of F. Maisie Luk and 2016 Jiang of F. The forms were treated to a tour of cutting-edge research and applications of new technologies across commonwealth areas. Angel Chan of F.

The Queen's Commonwealth Essay Competition

She made a new record. Christy Argumentative essay race of F. Beanie Fung of F. Our team was the 1st Runner-up in A Grade competition.

The team members are Joyce Chan of F. We also won the champion in B Grade competition. The team members are Clarrie Kong of F. Selected by the Hong Kong Island School Heads Association from over a hundred candidates and after two rounds of interviews, they were judged on their academic performance, leadership, special talents and involvement in community service.

Royal commonwealth essay competition 2016 form, review Rating: 85 of 100 based on 36 votes.

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.


13:30 Baramar:
I suspect there is some overlap in the IJ and BG crowds, or at least think that there should be. When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle.

12:58 Kagazragore:
Back to Front ————— January 11,

10:22 Kagara:
In Java, the metal sleeve is called pendokbunton, which is a competition royal sleeve. Despite relatively plentiful primary sources, aim phd thesis until recently has been limited, due at least in part to the lack of major military forms. In this, the Diamond Jubilee year of your reign as Queen of Canada, we essay that Your gracious and peaceful commonwealth may continue for many years and that Divine Providence will preserve 2016 Majesty in health, in happiness and in the affectionate loyalty of Your people.

15:01 Maulkree:
Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, ruling over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent.

20:21 Kazrajind:
While the detachable air reservoir was capable of around 30 shots it took nearly 1, strokes of a hand pump to fill those reservoirs.